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Colony On Mars
In 2024, SpaceX Aims To Send The First Humans On A 6-Month Trip To Mars. This Journey Will Be The Very Beginning Of Elon Musk’s Goal To Make Life A Multiplanetary Species.

In Order To Achieve This, SpaceX Will Need To Establish The First Martian Base And - Over Time - The First Martian City. Using Their Starship Rocket, Thousands Of People Will Be Able To Travel To Mars And Lay The Foundation For The First Human Civilization Outside Of Earth. But How Will The First Astronauts Establish A Base On Mars? What Laws Will They Follow? And What About Name - What's The First City On Mars Name?

In This Article, We’re Going To Look At What It Will Take To Build A Self-Sustaining City On Mars. We’re Also Going To Look At How Martians Will Form Their Own Laws In Order To Grow The First Settlements Into Thriving Cities.

When The First Astronauts Arrive On Mars, They Will Need A Place To Stay. Since, The Martian Surface Is Exposed To Much, More Radiation Than Earth, The First Martian Habitats Will Most Likely Be Built Underground. More Sophisticated Habitats Could Be Built Above Land With A Thick Layer Of Water To Absorb Most Of The Radiation. However, Transporting The Enormous Amounts Of Water And Materials Needed To Build These Habitats Would Be Extremely Expensive. If The First Martian Habitats Are To Grow Into Large Cities, The Settlers Will Need To Use The Local Materials Found On Mars. Luckily, Mars Has A Large Amount Of Useful Resources.

The Surface Of The Planet Contains Metals Like Iron, Magnesium And Aluminium, While Power Could Be Harnessed From The Sun. Oxygen Is Present In The Planet’s Atmosphere And Ice Buried Beneath The Surface Could Supply All The Water Needed. But Once The Martians Begin Mining These Materials For Their Own Use, Who Owns Them?

In 1967, The US, UK And The Soviet Union All Signed The Outer Space Treaty - The Treaty Claims That No Nation Can Claim Ownership Of Space Or A Celestial Body. It Would Therefore Be The Sole Responsibility Of The Martian Settlers To Establish And Enforce Rules. But If History Tells Us Anything, It’s That Creating A New Colony Is Anything But Easy. In May 1607, 104 People Set Foot On To Jamestown. By January, Only 38 Of These Original Settlers Were Still Alive. Many Of These People Died From Disease And Famine, While Others Passed Away From Toxic Water And Tribal Warfare.

If Building A New Settlement On Earth Was Tough Enough, It’s Safe To Assume That Building One On A Different Planet Will Be Even More Difficult. To Avoid Conflicts Over Resources, The Settlers Might Agree To Establish An Economy Before Arriving On Mars. This Economy Could Be Based Either On The Trade Of Local Resources Or On A Brand-New Currency, Independent Of Anything, We Have Here On Earth.
In Order For This Economy To Be Fair And Balanced, It Will Need To Be Enforced - Either By A Group Or A Single Person In Charge Of Everything.

Settlers Could Perhaps Learn From The Mistakes Made On Earth To Create A Much Better System For Running A City Or Country.

“I Think Most Likely, The Form Of Government On Mars Would Be A Direct Democracy, Not Representative. So, It Would Be Peoples Voting Directly On Issues. The Potential For Corruption Is Substantially Diminished In A Direct Versus Representative Democracy. It Should Probably Be Easier To Get Rid Of A Law Than To Make One. My Recommendation Would-Be Something Like Let's Say - 60% Of People Need To Vote In A Law But At Any Point Greater Than 40% People Can Remove It. And Any Law Should Come With A Built-In Sunset Provision.” – Elon Musk

This Will Help To Keep The Laws Relevant To The Current Advancement Of The Civilization. After 5 Or 10 Years, The Martians Can Vote If They Want To Pass A Certain Law Or Get Rid Of It.

Another Problem Is The Potential Threat Of War. The First Settlers Could Face An Extreme Shortage Of Resources Almost Immediately If The Systems For Mining Water And Growing Food Aren’t Working. Even If They Have Enough Resources, The Mental Struggle Of Being So Far From Home And Committing To The Martian Lifestyle Could Drive Some Settlers Over The Edge. As Soon As More Settlers Start To Arrive On Mars, They Might Establish Different Zones, Countries Or Continents. And Without Any Authority To Police These Different Places - The Varying Levels Of Advancement Between Civilizations Could Lead To Chaos.

These Are Just A Few Of The Considerations And Problems That Will Need To Be Addressed If A Permanent Colony Is To Be Established. So, Although Mars May Not Seem Like The Kind Of Place To Raise Your Kids, Just Imagine The First Generation Of Children Born On Mars. To Them, Mars Is Home. Underground Habitats, Dust Storms And Homegrown Food Is All They Are Used To. To Them, Earth Is Just A Tiny Alien World, Floating In The Sky.

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